ICF: Individual rehabilitation systems

10/25/2016
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What kind of rehabilitation does a patient need? What level of disability is assigned to him/her? And what care needs does a person have in terms of nursing level? To allow such issues to be decided fairly and transparently, there is the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF for short). It helps to describe the functional health status of the patient and the consequent social impairment.

Even if two persons are suffering from the same physical limitation or the same disease, different circumstances may impair one more than the other. To be able to offer each patient the individually required rehabilitation program, the ICF is used in the VAMED Group. Goal: The creation of a personalized and optimized rehabilitation program.

“International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health” (ICF)

The desire to classify diseases and their causes systematically has been around since the 18th century. Especially in recent decades, a uniform system has become indispensable: Life expectancy is increasing – and thus the number of chronic diseases and the need for rehabilitation are as well. The care of people with permanent impairments is now more important than ever – be it with regard to health, mobility, communication, employment, but also in terms of self-determination and participation in society.  All these things are included into the classification of the ICF.

The advantage of the ICF over previous models: It is not deficit-oriented but resource-oriented, and it can be applied to any persons (with and without disabilities) on an objective basis. This makes it not only more practical, but also more advanced in its mind-set: away from “What can’t you do?” and towards “What do you need?”

Analysis of the causes of a health problem is important in acute care; in rehabilitation, the focus is on the impact on the living conditions of the individual person.

The ICF can be used at an individual level, at an institutional level, and at a social level. It is based on a multi-axis model, since it involves the bio-psycho-social aspects.

 

These articles might also interest you:

+ "The mode of operation in medical Rehabilitation" - from Prim. PD. Dr. Michael Fischer
+ "What is neurological Rehabilitation?" - from Univ. Doz. Dr. Thomas Bochdansky
+ "Award for Outcome Measurement"
+ "Personalized Rehabilitation" - from Prim. PD. Dr. Michael Fischer



 

 

AUTHOR

Univ. Doz. Dr. Thomas Bochdansky formerly VAMED - Chief Medical Director

Richard Strauss Straße 12 1230 Wien
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